2010年度第3回(2011年1月実施) TOPIC： Are prisons an effective way to deal with criminals?
○Costs ○Crime deterrence ○Human rights ○Public safety ○ Punishment ○Rehabilitation
Some say that prisons do not work appropriately because the running cost is high and criminals commit a crime again after being released from jails. However, I agree that prisons are an effective way to deal with criminals.
The most important reason associated with crime deterrence is imprisonment and punishment which is a powerful disincentive. What made a negative impact for potential criminals from doing a crime is working for almost free at an isolated place, prohibited to see their family at regular intervals, and not doing what they want to do.
Secondly, the presence of prisons beef up public safety. Taking offenders into custody would ensure the safety of other citizens. According to a survey, longer prison term leads to reduction of crime. This suggests that a prison is effective to keep the society secure.
On the other hand, moral lessons and workshop on some special skills are informative for culprits. While in the penitentiary, they can learn how to socialize after getting back to the society. Thus, they will readjust to community.
In conclusion, despite the financial problems being shouldered by the government, I am confident that putting people in jail has positive effect in dealing with criminals. The prisons have a crucial role in terms of safety, relief for citizens and as a training ground for culprits.