2008年度第3回(2009年1月実施) TOPIC：Will societies with aging populations face a crisis in the future?
POINTS： ○ Birthrate ○Family responsibility ○ Health care ○ Immigration ○ Role of senior citizens ○Taxes
Although the fertility rate has been increasing in many emerging countries, the population has been shrinking and aging substantially faster in developed countries. Aging society surely causes negative impact on economics. The current situation will deteriorate even further in the future.
The most important reason lies in taxes. Aging populations could lead to a shortage of workers. Shrinking working population due to a low birth rate means declining tax revenue. Government will spend less money for social service and would have a piled up debt.
With the dramatic advancement of health care and medical technology, the life expectancy has increased. By then, there would be shortage of doctors and facilities. In addition, this shift will put new pressures and demands on the healthcare systems due to the old people clamoring for the the service.
In some countries, they have accepted immigrants and widened their immigration policies to tackle shrinking workforce, manufacture industry and nursing-care industry. There are obvious advantages on the economy, however, more disadvantages are found. The criminal rate increases and conflicts occur because of cultural and religious views.
In conclusion, I am sure that aging society will face a difficulty in the future. Nevertheless, there are some ways to combat this urgent matter. Governments need to be more creative with how they figure out this issue.